Predation Management South Africa (PMSA), a national entity that aims to mobilize engagement and coordination of activities aimed at reducing the impact of predation through ecologically and ethically acceptable methods to protect the biodiversity of SA, invites all organisations, organized structures, specialists and manufacturers in the livestock and wildlife ranching industries that are directly impacted by predation, to apply as a member.

An annual membership fee (as determined by PMSA from time to time) for affiliated and directly affected members is payable.  Statutory members that include the national departments of agriculture and environmental affairs, as well as provincial conservation authorities and tertiary and research institutions, are not subjected to membership fees.

Refer to the PMSA Constitution and for further information on the objectives and functions of the entity and categories for membership – click here to view the Constitution, associated documentation including Annexure 1 - Members of PMSA and Annexure 2 - Code of conduct for members

Click here for Application for Membership form

Stray dogs - Control methods vs. Legislation

Managing methods:


  1. Dogs
  • Generate a general awareness amongst all dog owners in the community about their responsibility in keeping a dog but also their responsibility towards all other humans in the same community.
  • Encourage residents of the community to minimize the amount of dogs to one per household.
  • Encourage residents to castrate and fixed their dogs.
  • A wandering dog is an unhappy dog with both his home and his owner, scavenging for food; this is the perfect recipe for havoc amongst livestock.
  • If you can’t feed them don’t keep them.
  • They should be loved, trained, supervised and correctly fed to prevent them from becoming wanderers and problem animals.
  • Strive to encourage dog owners to collar all dogs with an identification tag (Owners phone number) to return all lost dogs but also to indentified owners whose dogs caused losses amongst livestock.
  • Dogs should be enclosed at night and not allowed to wander.

    Control and management of Stray dogs

  • It is best to involve the SAPS and SPCA to manage any problem with stray dogs.
  • Always try to identify and inform the owners before any lethal or non lethal management strategies are applied. It is seldom one dog responsible for killing livestock, normally it would be a large specie (Ridgeback) accompanied by a smaller specie like a terrier type of dog.(Jack Russell) Stray dogs normally hunt in packs of two and larger, therefore multiple owners also involved.
  • The use of a professional hunter that is making use of the call and shoot method to eliminate the problematic stray dogs could be used.
  • Stray dogs that persistently caused damage can be caught in cage traps.
  1. Livestock
  • Keeping livestock in an enclosure (Kraaling) at night close to human presence.
  • The size of the enclosure must fit the amount of animals it is keeping. (Too big enclosure, animals will run and injure them against the enclosure when frightened, to small may result in animals trembling each other to death when frightened.)
  • Important that the main objective of kraaling is not solely to prevent livestock from escaping but the main idea is to keep livestock save from any form of predation, therefore the original plan and material used to build the kraal must be done in such a way that it rather keep unwanted animals (Dogs) out of the kraal and away from the livestock.
  • Entrances in and out of the kraal must be fitted with gates with a 100% fitment, not allowing any animals like small dogs entering the enclosure.
  • Solid structure underneath the gate, (stones, cement slab) preventing animals from digging.
  • Predators especially dog like families like to dig through underneath the enclosure, therefore the fitment of an anti crawler like a piece of netting laying flat on the ground on the outside and alongside the sides of the enclosure packed with stones is indispensable.
  • The height of the enclosure must also be high enough to prevent bigger animals from jumping in. If it is found that animals are jumping over the sides of the enclosure a piece of netting (500 mm fitted at 45 degree angle to the outside) could be additionally fitted as an anti climber.
  • Fitment of deterring equipment like bells on animals in enclosure so scare away unwanted predators and also wakening owners.
  • Fitment of Farm Ranger collars to call owners on cell phone when sudden unnatural movement of livestock is noticed.
  • Human herding during day time.
  • Electric fencing
  • Jackal proof fencing


Proposed research on Bushpigs

SANParks Scientist for Wildlife Ecology, Lizette Moolman in collaboration with colleagues Megan Taplin & Stefanie Freitag provided article relating to proposed research on Bushpig as a damage causing animal in protected area buffer zones in the Garden route. (February 2021)  For more information contact Lizette on (044) 343 1302 / This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Read here



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