The report summarises the extraordinary results that have been accomplished from the integrated livestock predation management programme and the impact of management on both livestock and predators. In 2008 there were 3 320 livestock losses due to predators, which is a substantial loss for farmers and both the wool and meat livestock industries. Over the 13-year period, these losses gradually reduced to 1 133 by 2020, a remarkable improvement of 65,9%.
Interesting to note that at the start of the programme in 2008, 261 damage causing predators were eliminated on the farms, but increased to 578 in 2020, representing an increase of 121,5%. As this programme involves the management and removal of unwanted predators, which causes losses on a continuous basis, predators such as black back jackal and caracal have learnt swiftly that livestock kept in smaller enclosures during the night, are easy prey. Black backed jackal also get use to the presence of Anatolian guard dogs and simply outnumber and outsmart them during the daytime, causing substantial losses.
Predation management is therefore not about eliminating all predators (generally referred to as predator control), but rather predation management, which involves utilizing all available methods, including lethal and non-lethal methods, implying to first manage livestock and then to control and manage predators.
The objective of the programme is to assist farmers to minimize losses due to predation, increase weaning percentages and consequently financial benefits, which then contribute to a financially viable farming enterprise.