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Predation Management Training

The Predation Management Forum (PMF) has taken the initiative to develop a framework of minimum standards in training of livestock producers and farm workers on principles of ethical- and best practices in predation management. This is implemented within the framework provided by the Sector Education and Training Authority for Agriculture (AgriSETA).  The National Wool Growers’ Association of SA (NWGA), as member of the PMF, is an accredited service provider with AgriSETA and a qualified predation management specialist providing training to producers within this framework under NWGA accreditation, who subsequently oversees quality standards of training.

Predation courses presented within this framework were developed by specialists and a consultant was contracted by NWGA to assist with the development of training materials that comply with AgriSETA requirements. Minimum standards/requirements set for training are contained in the appropriate Unit Standards that can be obtained from the website of the SA Qualifications Authority (SAQA).  The course content developed by NWGA and used for training is however, more comprehensive than required by these set standards.

The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) has developed draft Norms and Standards for the management of damage-causing animals in South Africa, which will come into effect shortly. The draft norms and standards propose that a person who applies or uses certain methods in respect of damage-causing animals(generally those methods that are regulated by means of a permit), must be adequately trained. The issuing of permits for eg. hunting at night, are to be linked to required competency levels acquired through training.

DEA is in the process of collaborating with provincial conservation authorities and industry representatives to agree on the level of competency required (which is more comprehensive than SAQA approved standards) in order for permits to be issued. Subsequently, provincial conservation authorities will approve the trainers who are to provide training to professionals who will require a permit to provide their services at a fee. The Eastern Cape was the first province to adopt and implement this new approach in practice, which is most probably going to be rolled out nationally. Skilled and experienced predation specialists may however, qualify for recognition of their knowledge through a process referred to as “recognition of prior learning (RPL)” and the full training course will not necessarily be required to qualify for the issuing of a permit.

Accreditation with a SETA in order to provide training in respect of the management of damage-causing animals is currently not a legal requirement; therefore any person who wishes to provide the training, but is not accredited with a SETA, will not be excluded from being recognised by government as a training provider. However, such a person will be required to present his or her course/s at the same standard.

Any enquiries and comments may be directed to the PMF secretariat at 041 365 5030 (t), 041 365 5035 (f),, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

2017 Studietoerverslag Niel Viljoen

Predasiespesialis, Niel Viljoen is van mening dat SA veeboere hul ewekniee in die VSA ver voor is wat die kennis en gedragspatrone van predatore aanbetref.  Viljoen het September 2017 ‘n studietoer na Amerika onderneem om sy persoonlike kennis en passie vir predatore en spesifiek predasiebestuur te verbreed.  Hier kon hy sy waarnemings vergelyk met plaaslike omstandighede. 

Volgens Viljoen is die VSA, ‘n eerstewêreldse land wat baie geld aan die nuutste tegnologie en navorsing spandeer, vele navorsingstasies het en ‘n sterk Staatsbetrokkenheid het, se veeboere steeds soekend na daardie een enkele blitsoplossing of “silver bullet”, wat nog nie bestaan nie. 

Die enigste plek waar SA dalk iets kan leer by die VSA is die tipe toerusting soos vangysters en vanghokke wat oor jare ontwikkel is vir die vang van predatore.

Die gebrek aan kennis van predatore onder boere in die VSA was opmerklik en kan die afleiding gemaak word dat die staat se betrokkenheid die bestuur van die probleem uit die hand van die boer neem .  Baie van die boere en veral die jonger geslag sien dit as die staat se verantwoordelikheid om predasiekwessies op te los.

Opleiding onder boere en veral nuwe toetreders in die kennis en gedragspatrone van predatore is essensieel in die bekamping van predasie.  In Suid Afrika is die onderskeie bedrywe wat ‘n belang by veeboerdery het, self betrokke by opleiding teenoor kontrakteurs buite die bedryf wat opleiding behartig in die VSA.  Viljoen se beskeie mening is dat die gaping van kennis tussen veeboer en predatoor geweldig vergroot met katastrofiese gevolge vir Amerika.

Predatore moet gesien en bestuur word as ‘n boerderyvertakking en moet dieselfde kundigheidsvlakke en kennis van 'n rooijakkals en rooikat as Hereford, Angus, Dorper, Merino, Angora bok en Swart Wildebees wees.  Ongelukkig gaan predatore nooit op veeplase verdwyn nie.  Bestuur hierdie vertakking van jou boerdery met dieselfde kennis, tyd en deernis as die res van boerderyvertakkings, sê Viljoen.

Vir volledige verslag, klik hier.


The Predation Management Forum (PMF) represents the National Woolgrowers’ Association of SA (NWGA), the Red Meat Producers’ Organisation (RPO), SA Mohair Growers’ Association (SAMGA) and Wildlife Ranching SA (WRSA)

The PMF supports the responsible management of damage causing animals and rejects the inhumane treatment of animals.

Best Practices for managing predators in South Africa was developed by the PMF in support of ethical and humane methods to protect livestock and game against predators.

This declaration follows incidents of alleged brutality associated with trapping methods in the Western Cape.



The University of the Free State has signed service agreements with all four industries represented on the Predation Management Forum (PMF) to establish and manage a Predation Management Information Centre (PMIC).  The wool, mohair, red meat and wildlife industries have pooled their resources to create a space for collating and analysing reliable information on predation and predation management methods, which will be made available continuously to a management information system (MIS).  This system, a national asset, will make information readily available to all users.

This information centre will be managed daily by dedicated staff, who will receive and manage calls and e-mails.  Calls and enquiries will be logged and advice will be offered by the call centre and / or PMF specialists.

The centre will further be responsible for information resource management and provide the contact details of regulatory authorities and specialists managing damage causing animals ; it will also source all relevant policies of the national and provincial authorities.  Scientific publications, reports, popular articles, best practices and PMF position statements will be sourced and archived.  The training manuals of hunters, specialist hunters and livestock farmers and wildlife ranchers will be sourced and archived.

Another function of the centre will entail research and data collection, by means of which predation and predation management statistics, biometrics and new research topics will be identified.

We urge farmers, wildlife ranchers, civil society, the retail sector, regulatory authorities and any other stakeholder affected by predation, to contact the PMIC at 051 401 2210 on week days from 08:00 – 16:00 or use the e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The only process requiring public comments has been opened and stakeholders are invited to submit comments and inputs on the Draft SKA1_MID Integrated Environmental Management Plan. This is therefore an urgent call to all those affected in the SKA areas.

The CSIR has undertaken to do a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the South African mid-frequency array of SKA Phase 1 (SKA1_MID), commissioned by the Department of Environmental Affairs. 

Public comments are now requested on the Draft SKA1_MID Integrated Environmental Management Plan during a period of 30 days, from Wednesday, 1 February 2017 until Friday, 3 March 2017.  Please submit comments and inputs by 3 March 2017. 

The Draft SKA1_MID Integrated Environmental Management Plan is available:

  • On the project website at – click here.
  • At the libraries in Carnarvon, Brandvlei, Williston & Van Wyksvlei

The PMF Secretariat is coordinating the process and will send all forms to the CSIR before the end of Friday, 3 March 2017.  You are therefore requested to send your completed form to email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. – attention Bonita Francis (041) 3655030 / 082 413 6416.






Hierdie handleiding is 'n eenstopgids om produsente te help om die roofdierprobleem op hul plase asook die beste metode om dit te bestuur, binne die raamwerk van provinsiale- en nasionale omgewing, te identifiseer. Die oplossing is om 'n verskeidenheid metodes beskibaar te hê - 'n gereedskapkis van bestuurstoerusting. Die gids is nou beskikbaar by lidorganisasies van die Predation Management Forum (PMF), naamlik die Nasionale Wolkwekersvereniging van SA (NWKV), Rooivleisprodusente organisasie (RPO), Suid-Afrikaanse Sybokhaarkwekersvereniging (SAMGA) en Wilbedryf SA (WRSA).  Afrikaanse Gids



This manual is a one-stop guide to help producers identify the problem of predators on their farms, as well as the best method to manage human-wildlife conflict, within the framework of provincial and national legislation.  The solution is to have a variety of methods available - a toolbox of management tools.  The guide is now available from all the member organisations of the Predation Management forum (PMF), namely the National Woolgrowers' Association of SA (NWGA), Red Meat Producers' Organisation (RPO), SA Mohair Growers' Association (SAMGA) and Wildlife Ranching SA (WRSA).  English Manual.